This week, in the first of a four part series on piracy in Japan, we’re covering the background of piracy before the Sengoku civil wars. How did Japan’s pirates interact with the complexities of Japan’s classical and medieval world?
Shapinsky, Peter. Lords of the Sea: Pirates, Violence, and Commerce in Late Medieval Japan
Antony, Robert J (Ed). Elusive Pirates, Pervasive Smugglers: Violence and Clandestine Trade in the Greater China Seas.
Ma, Guang. “Re-evaluating the Wokou Problem in East Asia in the 1220s and 1390s from the Perspective of Environmental History.” Journal of Asian History 54, No 2 (2020).
Andrande, Tonio, Xing Hang, Jerry Bentley, and Anand Yang. Sea Rovers, Silver, and Samurai: Maritime East Asia in Global History, 1550-1700.