This week, we’re wrapping up our history of the colonization of Hokkaido with a look at the impact of the American occupation on the island, as well as some final thoughts on the modern history of the Ainu and their political organizing.
Larson, Erik, et al. “Emerging Indigenous Governance: Ainu Rights at the Intersection of Global Norms and Domestic Institutions.” Alternatives: Global, Local, and Political 33, No 1. (Jan-March, 2008)
Saunavaara, Juha. “Reconstructing and Redefining Hokkaido During the Postwar Period.” International Journal of Asia Pacific Studies 14, No 1 (January, 2018)
Saunavaara, Juha. “Postwar Development of Hokkaido: The US Occupation Authorities’ Local Government Reform in Japan.” Journal of American-East Asian Relations 21, No 2 (2014).