This week, we’ll move into the tumultuous events of 1863. Challenges foreign and domestic are going to upset the balance of power that has existed since the death of Ii Naosuke, and drive Japan ever closer to civil war.

Listen to the episode here.

Sources

Craig, Albert. Choshu in the Meiji Restoration.

Beasley, W.G. The Meiji Restoration.

Jansen, Marius. Sakamoto Ryoma and the Meiji Restoration.

Hashimoto Mitsuru, “Collision at Namamugi.” Representations 18 (Spring, 1987).

Images

YILN101_fleet_l

The bombardment of Kagoshima, as depicted in the Illustrated London News.

HD_Kagoshima1863z.preview

Another view of the bombardment.

350px-Namamugi_incident

The Namamugi Incident

ILN2201864_reparations_s

The Satsuma representatives paying an indemnity to Choshu.

CharlesRichardson

Charles Lenox Richardson after his death.

220px-Kondo_Isami02

Kondo Isami, captain of the Shinsengumi.