Sometimes you just have to take advantage of a cheap joke about a silly number to take a look at the history of drug policy in Japan. So today, we’ll be exploring the rich history of illegal drugs, addiction, and government attempts to regulate or combat drug use in Japan.
Jennings, John M. “The Opium Empire: Japan and the East Asian Drug Trade, 1895-1945.” PhD Dissertation in History, University of Hawai’i, 1995.
Wakabayashi, Bob Tadashi. “Opium, Expulsion, Sovereignty: China’s Lessons for Bakumatsu Japan.” Monumenta Nipponica 47, No 1 (Spring 1992).
Mitchell, Jon. “The Secret History of Cannabis in Japan.” The Asia-Pacific Journal 49, No 1 (December, 2014).
Wada, Kiyoshi. “The History and Current State of Drug Abuse in Japan.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2011.
Kingsberg, Miriam. “Methamphetamine Solution: Drugs and the Reconstruction of Nation in Postwar Japan.” Journal of Asian Studies 72, No 1 (Feb, 2013).
Karch, Steven B. “Japan and the Cocaine Industry of Southeast Asia, 1864-1944.” from Cocaine: Global Histories, ed. Paul Gootenberg.
A Science Daily article on some discoveries in relation to Kumamoto domain’s opium trade.
A WSJ article on Abe Akie’s 2019 visit to a hemp farm. Despite some buzz nothing really came of this that I could find.
Some NYT coverage of Japan’s drug laws relative to the rest of Asia, from late last year.