Isaac Meyer

Historian, teacher, podcaster

Tag: WWI

Episode 218 – The Red Dawn, Part 2

How did Japan fit into the broader framework of the Allied intervention? What were the Japanese trying to accomplish in Siberia? And who was even in charge of this damned thing? All that and more, this week.

Listen to the episode here.

Sources

Dunscomb, Paul E.  Japan’s Siberian Intervention, 1918-1922

Drea, Edward. Japan’s Imperial Army: Its Rise and Fall, 1854-1945

Guins, George C. “The Siberian Intevention, 1918-1919.” The Russian Review 28 No 4 (Oct, 1969).

Images

American troops in Vladivostok. America represented the largest contingent of foreign troops in Siberia other than Japan.

Kolchak reviewing the troops in Omsk in early 1919. He would launch a counterattack against the Bolsheviks later that year which would collapse, beginning the disintegration of his regime.

Anti-Bolshevik forces from Kolchak’s army. The White Russians were a rather motley group, brought together by little more than a shared distaste for Lenin’s ideas.

Japanese marines in a parade of Allied forces in Vladivostok.

The location of Lake Baikal. The lake represented the westernmost extent of Japanese influence during the intervention.

An ethnically Mongol soldier arrayed to fight the Bolsheviks. Grigory Semenov was able to use his heritage as a Buryat Mongol to convince other Mongols to join his cause.

The Alexander Kolchak monument in Irkutsk, where he was executed by the Bolsheviks in January, 1920. Today, Kolchak’s image is somewhat rehabilitated after years of being maligned by the Soviet government. In 1919, the collapse of his government caused the other Allies to begin considering withdrawal.

 

Episode 64 – An Unnatural Intimacy, Part 2

This week, we’ll discuss America and Japan’s new roles as Great Powers in the 20th century. We’ll discuss the reasons Japan and America came together to support the Allies in World War I, the rationale behind Japanese support for an American-dominated world order after 1918, and the early arms control and peace initiatives supported by Japan and the US.

 

Listen to the episode here.

Sources

Asada, Sadao. From Mahan to Pearl Harbor: A History of the Imperial Japanese Navy

Iriye, Akira. The Origins of the Second World War in Asia and the Pacific.

Hotta, Eri. Japan 1941: Countdown to Infamy

Pyle, Kenneth. Japan Rising

Images

A young Franklin Roosevelt as Secretary of the Navy in 1913.

A young Franklin Roosevelt as Secretary of the Navy in 1913.

Saionji Kinmochi during his time as PM in 1912. He would lead the Japanese delegation to Versailles five years later.

Saionji Kinmochi during his time as PM in 1912. He would lead the Japanese delegation to Versailles five years later.

Konoe Fumimaro, who first came to prominence during the Versailles Conference and would later be the Prime Minister to lead Japan into war.

Konoe Fumimaro, who first came to prominence during the Versailles Conference and would later be the Prime Minister to lead Japan into war.

Kato Tomosaburo, the pro-Washington Naval Conference Naval Minister. The effort of getting the treaty accepted literally worked him to death.

Kato Tomosaburo, the pro-Washington Naval Conference Naval Minister. The effort of getting the treaty accepted literally worked him to death.

Kato Kanji, the admiral who fought his superior Kato Tomosaburo every step of the way when it came to arms limitation.

Kato Kanji, the admiral who fought his superior Kato Tomosaburo every step of the way when it came to arms limitation.

Hamaguchi Osachi, the Prime Minister with the dubious distinction of being the last leader to successfully cooperate with the US on a major initiative (the London Naval Conference). For his trouble, an assassin would attempt (and fail) to kill him in 1931.

Hamaguchi Osachi, the Prime Minister with the dubious distinction of being the last leader to successfully cooperate with the US on a major initiative (the London Naval Conference). For his trouble, an assassin would attempt (and fail) to kill him in 1931.

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