Isaac Meyer

Historian, teacher, podcaster

Tag: Anpo

Episode 244 – The Summer of Rage, Part 1

This week, we look at the contentious summer of 1960, in which the disputes of postwar Japan boiled over into some of the most intense protests in the country’s history. How do these conflicts shape modern Japanese society?

Sources

MIT’s Visualizing Cultures program has a great section on Anpo.

Kishi Nobusuke’s obituary in the NYT, from 1987.

Williams, Andrew. Dissenting Japan.

Sasaki-Uemura, Wesley. Organizing the Spontaneous: Citizen Protest in Postwar Japan.

The Pacific Century has an excellent documentary on this subject (though a bit dated) called Inside Japan Inc

Images

Kishi being booked into Sugamo Prison for trial as a war criminal. He would eventually be released without trial.

Kishi and Eisenhower golfing during Kishi’s first US visit in 1957.

This shot really gives you a sense of the scale of the protests.

Protestors from all walks of life (in this case, a teacher’s union) joined the protests.

These protesters came from Shizuoka, clean on the other end of Japan.

Protesters storm the south gate of the Diet on June 15. This is the day Kanba Michiko would die.

Kanba Michiko became a rallying cry for the protests after her death. The banner behind her photo here states the resolve of the protesters to fight harder in the wake of her death.

The Speaker of the House being muscled to the rostrum for a vote on the treaty. Confrontations between socialists and LDP members got VERY violent over the course of the treaty debates.

A Chinese political cartoon from the People’s Daily. The Japanese protester at left holds a sign saying, “Oppose the security treaty, down with Kishi, dissolve the Diet.” The Chinese protester’s sign says, “Oppose the US-Japan Security Treaty, support the struggle of the Japanese people.”

Episode 55 – Peace in Our Time

This week, we’re going to be talking about the origins and background of Article 9, the peace clause of Japan’s constitution. Where did it come from? How has it been interpreted? What does its probable future look like? All that and more, this week.

Listen to the episode here.

Sources

Pyle, Kenneth. Japan Rising.

Pyle, Kenneth. The Making of Modern Japan.

Lectures at the University of Washington by Dr. Kitaoka Shinichi, May 28th and 29th, 2014.

Media

Dwight Eisenhower looks on as Kishi Nobusuke signs the revised security treaty in the White House. Courtesy of the Embassy of the United States in Japan.

Dwight Eisenhower looks on as Kishi Nobusuke signs the revised security treaty in the White House. Courtesy of the Embassy of the United States in Japan.

Protestors during the Anpo Riots. Courtesy of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Protestors during the Anpo Riots. Courtesy of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Japanese protestors during the Anpo riots. The large building in the center is the Diet (parliament). Courtesy of the Guggenheim Museum.

Japanese protestors during the Anpo riots. The large building in the center is the Diet (parliament). Courtesy of the Guggenheim Museum.

JSDF ground forces on a training exercise. Courtesy of the Wikimedia Foundation.

JSDF ground forces on a training exercise. Courtesy of the Wikimedia Foundation.

A Japanese supply ship refueling an American vessel (the USS Decatur) in the Indian Ocean during the invasion of Afghanistan. Courtesy of the Wikimedia Foundation.

A Japanese supply ship refueling an American vessel (the USS Decatur) in the Indian Ocean during the invasion of Afghanistan. Courtesy of the Wikimedia Foundation.

JSDF soldiers deployed in Iraq. Courtesy of USA Tdoay.

JSDF soldiers deployed in Iraq. Courtesy of USA Tdoay.

 

A period newsreel of the riots in Japan. Courtesy of British Pathe.

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