This week, we’re covering the rise of the Hirata school of kokugaku, or national studies, during the Edo Period. How did an intellectual movement devoted to linguistics become a powerful political, social, and arguably religious force by the end of samurai rule–and why did that movement fall from power after just a few short years of influence?
Totman, Conrad. Early Modern Japan
Jansen, Marius B. “Japan in the Early Nineteenth Century” and H.D. Harootunian, “Late Tokugawa culture and thought” in The Cambridge History of Japan, Vol 5: The Nineteenth Century
Fujiwara, Gideon. “Spirits and Identity in Nineteenth-Century Northeastern Japan: Hirata Kokugaku and the Tsugaru Disciples.” PhD Dissertation, University of British Columbia, 2013
McNally, Mark H. “Who Speaks for Norinaga? Kokugaku Leadership in Nineteenth-Century Japan.” Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 38, No 1 (2011)
Keene, Donald. “Hirata Atsutane and Western Learning.” T’oung Pao Second Series 42, No 5 (1954).
Walthall, Anne. The Weak Body of a Useless Woman: Matsuo Taseko and the Meiji Restoration.