This week, we’re taking a closer look at the unequal treaty system of the 1800s by exploring one of its crappier (!) consequences: a diplomatic incident over cholera quarantines and extraterritorial laws surrounding a small German freighter called the Hesperia.
Johnston, William. “Cholera and the Environment in Nineteenth-Century Japan.” Cross-Currents: East Asian History and Culture Review 30 (2019), 9-34.
Fuess, Harald. “Informal Imperialism and the 1879 Hesperia Incident: Containing Cholera and Challenging Extraterritoriality in Japan.” Japan Review 27 (2014), 103-140.