Isaac Meyer

Historian, teacher, podcaster

Episode 135 – The Fall of the Samurai, Part 18

This week, we cover the major issues of the new government. Who’s in charge? What do they want to do? And what could possibly go wrong if we just take half the leadership off for a two year trip?

Listen to the episode here.

Sources

Nish, Ian, ed. The Iwakura Mission in America and Europe: A New Assessment.

Pyle, Kenneth. Japan Rising.

Umegaki, Michiko. After the Restoration.

Images

Toshimichi_Okubo_4

Okubo Toshimichi of Satsuma was a childhood friend of Saigo Takamori who would help lead the charge for the abolition of feudalism. His kickin’ sideburns didn’t appear until later in life, but I think they nicely encapsulate his self-image as a conscious Westernizer who wanted to remake Japan in the Western image.

220px-Guido_Herman_Fridolin_Verbeck

Guido Verbeck, the Dutch-American engineer-cum-missionary who dreamed up the Iwakura Mission.

Verbeck_picture

I have been hunting for an excuse to use this photo, and now seems like as good a time as any. This picture was taken in 1868; Verbeck, with his daughter, is in the center, surrounded by the leading restorationist samurai. All manner of famous restoration leaders are in here: Ito, Yamagata, Sakamoto Ryoma, even Katsu Kaishu. It’s great!

Iwakura_mission

Iwakura Tomomi, center, during the mission. Standing at center right is Ito Hirobumi. Sitting at the far right is Okubo Toshimichi.

4238

Wherever the Iwakura Mission went it was greeted with lavish parties like this one, depicted in a contemporary American magazine. The affairs served to boost Japan’s overseas profile.

220px-First_female_study-abroad_students

The Iwakura Mission actually included a number of women, charged with learning about the West. Several chose to stay and study abroad in the West; Tsuda Umeko (shown here as the youngest, sitting on another girl’s lap) will eventually attend Bryn Mawr College before returning to Japan to found her own university. You better believe she’s getting an episode.

sisetudan_p0

The path of the Iwakura Mission. Courtesy of Iwakuramission.gr.jp

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Episode 134 – The Fall of the Samurai, Part 17

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Episode 136 – The Fall of the Samurai, Part 19

4 Comments

  1. Mat Hayashi

    Where is the Meiji Emperor in the photo with Verbeck and his daughter? I would have imagined identifying the emperor would have been obvious by the sitting arrangements for the photo.
    —M@, haymat@yahoo.com

    • So I did a bit more digging because I was sure I’d seen something about Emperor Meiji being in that photo. Turns out he’s not (my mistake, and I apologize) but the truth is way more interesting and WAY more bonkers.

      The man who is sometimes thought to be emperor Meiji (front row, kneeling, directly in front of Verbeck in the white gi) is actually Omuro Toranosuke, a Choshu samurai who LOOKED a lot like the emperor physically. There is apparently a completely insane conspiracy theory that Omuro killed and replaced the Emperor because the original Prince Mutsuhito was too much of a sissy to go along with the demands of the shishi.

      So yeah, I’ll be editing the photo description; thank you for encouraging me to dig harder and helping me find this INSANE story.

      • M@

        Gee, thank you for the reply. (BTW, I have two podcasts I never miss and yours is one of them. Your long series are fantastic, e.g., the current one covering the Meiji Restoration and the Rain of Ruin. I enjoy and benefit from your efforts tremendously. Thank you.)

  2. arberndt

    First of all, thank you for these podcasts! This newcomer is somewhere around 40 so forgive my preemptive nature if you’ve already covered this topic. But since it seems like you’ll be getting up to the time era in your latest strand of podcasts perhaps one on the personal relationships between the Japanese and eastern Americans would be an interesting one? I’ve been delving into it for my own research and while the topic is a bit isolationist in only observing the two countries it is also fascinating! Theodore Roosevelt’s letters chastising California for their racism are both refreshingly ironic (coming from him) and highly intuitive (being worried about Japan’s military superiority in the navy after the Russo-Japanese war and tensions around Hawaii). The personal friendship between him and fellow Harvard grad Kaneko Kentaro and other personal relationships in the east like Isabelle Gardener and Okakura might make for a light-hearted episode. Like when Gardner gave Okakura a white kitten as a present which he named “Kowun” (lonesome cloud) and wrote a thank you letter for : ” We are like a cloudlet in the sky, curl, unfurl, and swirl, on in immense glee. We sleep beautifully. Our only lament was over some hairs singed in snuffing a candle with our tail.” I think these relationships formed a base for how Americans still view Japanese culture and tradition (many of them held positions in colleges teaching Japanese art/history or worked closely with museums). Or just ended up in wonderfully fun situations; like Japanese being the first foreign language spoken on the telephone because Issawa knew Alexander Grahm Bell and asked if the new invention could speak Japanese to which Bell replied sure it does but I don’t know Japanese so Issawa invited over Kaneko to have a conversation. If you’ve already covered something like this then my apologies, but if not and you’re interested then have fun 🙂 (I don’t want to appear overbearing but I do have resources to share if you wanted them…. your podcasts have really been helping to put my own research into a larger context of understanding, once again THANKS!)

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